Why is Mount Everest so dangerous?

Why is Mount Everest so dangerous?

Understanding the Dangers Associated with Mount Everest


Possessing an elevation close to 30,000 feet above sea level, Mount Everest stands as the tallest mountain on Planet Earth. It is an epitome of natural beauty and wonder capturing the fascination of adventurers across the globe. Despite its mesmerizing appearance and the triumphant feelings it evokes among climbers, it remains one of the most treacherous territories to conquer. This article aims to unearth the factors that contribute to the danger and risks associated with climbing Mount Everest.

The Altitude

Mount Everest’s extreme altitude significantly contributes to its danger level. Often referred to as the Death Zone, the area above 8,000 meters is characterized by oxygen levels one-third of what they are at sea level. Humans cannot survive for an extended period in such conditions. Climbers have to rely on supplemental oxygen, and failure to do so can lead to problems such as hypothermia, fatigue, pulmonary and cerebral edema.

Weather Conditions

The unpredictability of weather in the high ranges makes Mount Everest treacherous. Sudden changes in weather conditions, including severe temperature drops, storms, and blizzards, can quickly turn a seemingly promising climb into a life-threatening ordeal.

Avalanches and Icefalls

Avalanches are fairly common on Everest’s slopes and pose a significant risk to climbers. Moreover, the Khumbu Icefall is infamously dangerous, with gigantic chunks of ice frequently breaking off and plummeting down, posing colossal hazards to climbers navigating these areas.


Crevasses are cracks in the glacier’s surface which can be concealed by thin layers of snow. The hidden fissures can be deadly to climbers, especially when crossing glaciers or snowfields.

The Descent

Contrary to common belief, the dangers do not dissipate after reaching the summit. The descent often encompasses hazards of fatigue, disorientation, and depleting oxygen supplies. Statistics suggest that a considerable number of fatalities occur during the descent.

Inadequate Training

Despite the best equipment and improved weather forecasting, climber’s lack of experience, inadequate training, or an over-reliance on commercial guide services can also contribute to difficulties and fatalities.

Frostbite and Hypothermia

The dangerously low temperatures on Everest can lead to frostbite and hypothermia, potentially causing permanent injury, impaired mobility, and even death.


In recent years, increased traffic on Everest’s standard routes has led to congestion, delaying climbers and increasing their time in the Death Zone, enhancing risks of exhaustion, frostbite, or death.


While Mount Everest’s charm and allure are undeniable, it’s equally important to understand the risks associated with this adventurous pursuit. Despite the potential perils, with proper training, planning, and professional guidance, Everest’s summit can be reached, and the journey can be thrilling, enlightening, and fulfilling.


Q1: What makes Mount Everest so dangerous? How does the altitude affect climbers?

Mount Everest’s extreme altitude is its major danger. Climbers experience oxygen levels one-third of what they are at sea level, leading to hypoxia and fatigue. Hypothermia can also set in, further complicating their ascent or descent.

Q2: How unpredictable is the weather on Everest?

The weather on Mount Everest can change rapidly, with no warning. This unpredictability can lead to disastrous consequences, including severe temperature drops, storms, or blizzards, all of which can jeopardize climbers’ safety.

Q3: Are Avalanches common on Everest’s slopes?

Avalanches are indeed fairly common on Everest’s slopes. This, combined with the infamous Khumbu Icefall, where gigantic chunks of ice frequently break off, often poses significant risk to climbers.

Q4: How dangerous is the descent from Everest’s summit?

The descent is often more dangerous than the ascent. Most accidents and fatalities occur during this stage due to exhaustion, disorientation, and depleted oxygen supplies.

Q5: Can inexperienced climbers succeed in reaching the summit?

Mount Everest climb demands experienced and skilled climbers. Inexperienced climbers, despite advanced equipment and services, face a higher risk of accidents and fatalities due to inadequate training, and overconfidence.

Q6: How disastrous can frostbite and hypothermia be?

Frostbite can lead to the permanent injury of extremities like fingers, toes, nose and ears, and in severe cases, amputation might be required. Hypothermia can depress the nervous system leading to impaired consciousness and eventually, death.

Q7: How does overcrowding affect climbers?

Overcrowding leads to slow movement, which can delay climbers and increase their exposure to harsh environments. This ultimately leads to exhaustion, frostbite or hypothermia and can be lethal in the Death Zone.

Remember, while the allure of reaching the pinnacle of the world can be tempting, understanding the risks and dangers involved is crucial to ensure your safety on this daring journey. Happy climbing!